Engineering and engineering technology are separate but closely related professional areas that differ in:
· Curricular Focus – Engineering programs often focus on theory and conceptual design, while engineering technology programs usually focus on application and implementation. Engineering programs typically require additional, higher-level mathematics, including multiple semesters of calculus and calculus-based theoretical science courses, while engineering technology programs typically focus on algebra, trigonometry, applied calculus, and other courses that are more practical than theoretical in nature.
· Career Paths – Graduates from engineering programs are called engineers and often pursue entry-level work involving conceptual design or research and development. Many continue to graduate-level work in engineering. Graduates of four-year engineering technology programs are called technologists, while graduates of two-year engineering technology programs are called technicians. These professionals are most likely to enter positions in sectors such as construction, manufacturing, product design, testing, systems monitoring, evaluation and control, diagnosis, maintenance, technical services, sales and project management. Those who pursue further study often consider systems engineering, facilities management, or business administration.
· In Kenya, engineering and engineering technology programs are reviewed and accredited by two separate accreditation bodies; the Engineers Board of Kenya (EBK) and the Kenya Engineering Technologists Board (KETB). The functions and mandate of KETB and EBK are contained in the laws of Kenya; The Engineering Technology Act No. 23 of 2016 and The Engineers Act No. 3 of 2012 respectively.